新闻是有分量的

榛?娲?锛?浠?澶╃?浜???互???颁????峰?

2019-04-10 06:24 栏目:大三巴赌场

????榛?娲?锛?浠?澶╃?浜???互???颁????峰?

????棣?寮?榛?娲??х??浠???9?归???锛?杩?寮??х??涓轰??炬??锛??叉?涓轰??变?涓ゅ勾

????涓?瀹惰В??锛???浠???榛?娲?灏卞??绔??ㄥ?扮??涓???涓????惧?ㄦ????琛ㄩ?㈢??姗?瀛?

???????ヨ??? 绔???匠 淇?浠婚?

????2019骞???2?ワ?涓??界?瀛﹂???娴峰ぉ???板??甯?浜?涓???绠????????ャ??

???????ユ???帮?浜?浠惰?????杩???椤圭??Event Horizon Telescope锛?绠?绉?HT)灏???涓??界?瀛﹂?????锛???甯?涓?椤光???ヨ???EHT?????伴??澶ф????????

????姝e?ㄨ??璁虹??娴?涔???锛?4??5?ユ?ヨ??腑?界?瀛﹂?㈢?????版???О锛?棣?寮?榛?娲??х??????姝e?ㄦ???????叉????舵?锛??堕???宸茶??ュ??璁℃?躲??

??????浜??堕??019骞???10?ユ??涓?9?规?达?灏?瀹e?涓?椤逛?瓒?澶ц川??榛?娲??х?????崇????澶ф??????

????????腑?界?瀛﹂???娴峰ぉ???板?ㄥ????涓?浜??藉???烘??锛?涔???涓?浜?姝ゆ??介????浣???

?????ㄧ?杩??惧勾???㈢储??锛?浜虹被?冲????榛?娲???绁?绉????㈢罕????

????榛?娲????╃??????

????18涓?绾???卞?藉?扮??瀛﹀?绾︾堪路绫虫?灏?(John Michell)渚垮凡缁???璇??帮?瀹?瀹?涓????村???澶╀?锛???互杈惧?版淮??????涓?婕???绋?搴︹????瀵?搴﹀ぇ?拌????藉??ㄦ??娉????搞??

????1968骞达?缇??藉ぉ浣??╃??瀛﹀?绾︾堪路????(John Archibald Wheeler)姝e????猴?灏?杩??风??澶╀?锛?绉颁???榛?娲???锛?瀹?浠???韩涓?????锛??稿?ユ????涓???锛?浠?涔??介??涓??烘?ャ??

????澶?骞存?ワ?澶╂??瀛﹀?涔??????轰??╃??瀛﹀?寰????烘????璁撅??ㄨ?绠??烘ā??榛?娲?????瀹广??1978骞达??╃?ㄧ?佃??妯℃??浜х?????版???澶╀??╃??瀛﹀?璁?????灏?路?㈢背娑?(Jean-Pierre Luminet)?ㄩ?㈢????板害澧ㄦ按缁??朵?绗??骞?妯℃??榛?娲??惧????榛??界???惧??灞??颁??藉?ラ?娲?????骞崇?╄川锛?瀹???璧锋?ュ苟涓?骞冲?︼???涓洪?娲?寮哄ぇ??寮???锛?浣垮?ㄥ?寸????????寮??层??

????40骞存?ワ?绉?瀛﹀?涔?宸茬???颁?榛?娲???涓?浜?杈圭?璇????姣?濡??╄川?藉?ラ?娲??讹?浼????╂?﹀??寮???浣??ㄥ舰??涓?涓?法澶х??楂????哥Н??锛?灏卞?????芥按椹?《?炬按?朵骇??????娑°??

????濡?浣??惧?伴?榛㈤虎??榛?娲?

?????扮??浜烘??涔??界???般?????板?瀹?涓??涓???ㄩ??????╄川锛?

?????㈡?榛?娲????规?锛????惧?浠??????ㄨ竟???????哥Н?????锋???

????褰???????绾?浠?3涓?お?宠川????00涓?お?宠川??澶у?)??榛?娲?浼?瀛??ㄤ?涓?涓??????ㄥ?达?灏???????姘?浣??????板???繁韬?竟锛?浜х??涓?涓??寸?榛?娲???杞???姘?浣???锛??冲?哥Н????

????褰??哥Н姘?浣?杩?澶?锛?涓??ㄥ??姘?浣??ㄦ???ラ?娲?瑙????????锛??ㄧ??虹??浣??ㄤ?琚?部杞??ㄦ?瑰????灏??哄?伙?褰㈡???锋???

?????哥Н?????锋?涓ょ??拌薄锛??藉??姘?浣??╂?﹁??浜х??浜???浜?????涓?澶ч??杈?灏?锛???浠ュ?瀹规??琚??扮??涓???绉?瀛﹀???杩???杩????㈡??般????璁轰?锛?榛?娲?涔?灏辨??杩瑰??惊浜???

????????涓?????姗?瀛???????棣?娉♀??

????浣????绉??茬嚎???界???瑰??鹃?娲?锛?骞朵?瀹规????

?????规????璁烘?ㄧ?锛??舵渤绯讳腑搴?璇ュ??ㄧ??涓???涓?涓???????绾х??榛?娲??????扮????涓烘?锛?绉?瀛﹀???‘璁や?20澶?涓??娲???瀛????姝ゅ?杩?????浜???涓??娲?????浣???

?????冲?浜??哥??榛?娲??????舵渤绯讳腑蹇?榛?娲?Sgr A*(浜洪┈搴?)锛?浣?浜???绯?87涓???榛?娲?(M87 瀹ゅコ搴ф??浜?)??

????涓???㈠ぉ??瀛︽???????╁??瑙i??璇达?涔???浠ラ??瀹?杩?涓や釜榛?娲?浣?涓鸿?娴?????锛?????涓哄?浠???瑙????㈠?ㄥ?扮??涓???璧锋?ユ????澶х???????朵?榛?娲???涓鸿?绂诲?扮???磋???璐ㄩ??????锛?瑙?娴??惧害?村ぇ????

????Sgr A*榛?娲???璐ㄩ??澶х害?稿?浜?400涓?涓?お?筹???瀵瑰???瑙????㈠昂瀵哥害涓?400涓?????锛?杩?涓?????㈠氨?稿?浜?17涓?お?崇??澶у???????锛?瓒?澶ф???????????╁??璇达?浣????扮??涓?Sgr A*?歌?2.5涓???骞?绾?4浜夸嚎????)涔??ワ?杩?灏辨???崇??锛?瀹?宸ㄥぇ??瑙????㈠?ㄦ??浠????ワ?澶ф???????灏??d?灏???????甯???涓???硅?锛???灏卞????浠???ㄥ?扮??涓??昏???涓????惧?ㄦ????琛ㄩ?㈢??姗?瀛?????

????M87涓??榛?娲???璐ㄩ???村ぇ锛?杈惧?颁?60浜夸釜澶??宠川????灏界?涓??扮????璺?绂昏?姣?Sgr A*涓??扮??涔??寸??璺?绂绘?磋?锛?浣???璐ㄩ??搴?澶э???浠ュ???瑙????㈠???浠???瑷?锛????芥?Sgr A*杩?????姗?瀛???绋?寰?ぇ?d?涓??瑰?匡?澶ф???涓????娉″?с??

????杩?寮??х??涓轰?涔??炬??

???????伴?娲?宸插?姝や???锛???涔?缁?瀹????э?

????瑕??宠?娴??ヨ???榛?娲?锛?渚????????扮??涓?浠讳???涓???杩???杩?杩?涓?澶???

?????ㄨ???0澶?骞存?堕?撮??锛?楹荤????宸ュ???MIT)??绉?瀛﹀?浠?????浜??朵???绌舵?烘????绉???浜哄??锛?寮?灞?浜???浜?浠惰?????杩?????椤圭????ㄧ??????涓???垫??杩??????跺?榛?娲?灞?寮?瑙?娴???

????涓轰?澧???绌洪?村??杈ㄧ??锛?浠ョ??娓??翠负缁?灏????哄??锛?绉?瀛﹀?浠??ㄦ?娆¤?琛?瑙?娴?????杩????靛????澧???浜?浣?浜??哄?╁??????????杩?????

?????ㄦ??????涓?瑙?娴?????杩???褰?涓???哄?╃??ALMA姣?背??杩???????涓洪??瑕???涓?涓????涓哄????垫??搴︽?????????靛????杩???褰?涓???楂?????浣?瀹???妗f????甯告弧??ALMA??杩?????婊′?涓?绯诲??瑙?娴?璁″??锛???浠ユ?娆¢?娲?瑙????㈢??瑙?娴?锛?ALMA??杩????????杩?琛???浜?澶╋??朵腑涓や釜??涓?瑙?娴??舵渤绯讳腑蹇?榛?娲?SgrA*锛??╀????堕?寸??缁???绯?87榛?娲???

????瑕?淇?璇?????8涓???杩????借?界???拌?涓や釜榛?娲?锛???缁?绉?瀛﹀?浠???瑙?娴?绐??f????甯哥????锛?姣?骞村????澶х害10澶╂?堕?淬??

????8涓???杩???缁??????介???ㄩ??锛?涓??界?存?ョ???伴?娲?锛?浣?瀹?浠???堕??澶ч???充?榛?娲????版??俊????惧???洪?娲????峰???

????娲??х??锛?灏?????骞达??垮??涓ゅ勾锛?缁?榛?娲???寮??х??涓?瀹规??锛???娲??х?????存?????舵极?裤??

????瀵逛?姝ゆ?璺ㄨ???????????浜?浠惰?????杩???瑙?娴?锛????舵??娑?????绔??瑰?哄????甯稿箍??锛???浜х?????版????灏?????搴?澶с??浜?浠惰?????杩???姣?涓?涓???涓???浜х???版??????揪2PB????(2000000GB)??甯??╃?瀛﹀??惧?扳??涓?甯?绮?瀛?????娆ф床澶у??璐ㄥ?瀵规???猴?涓?骞翠骇?????版????涔?灏辫?涓???绾с??

?????ㄨ?娴?缁???涔???锛???涓???规?堕?????版???琚?????颁袱涓??版??腑蹇?????浣?浜?缇??介夯????Haystack澶╂???板??寰峰?芥尝?╃??椹?????垫?????ㄩ?i??锛?澶у??璁$??洪??缇ゅ?浼?瀵规?版???堕?磋?琛???骞朵?????锛?浠???浜х??涓?涓??充?榛?娲????惧????杩?涓????????????堕?村?????骞达??垮???板勾??

??????缁???浠??浜?杩?寮??х??涓ゅ勾??

??????榛?娲??惧??锛?灏?甯??╀汉浠???绛??锋????浣?浜х??骞跺奖????绯绘?????????澶╂???卞ソ??搴???浠ヨ?锛?浜?浠惰?????杩?????瑙?娴?瀵逛?绉?瀛︾??绌舵??????甯搁??澶х????涔?锛????充究?????藉????板??涓???绱?锛?姝ゆ?瑙????㈡??杩?????瑙?娴?涔?灏???汉绫婚?娲?瑙?娴??蹭?????瑕?涓?姝ャ????

?????讳?锛???浠???跺垢杩?锛???璁稿???涓鸿?????瀹?涓??绗???逛翰?肩???伴?娲???纰冲?虹???┿??

????浠?棰?瑷??扮??瑙?锛?榛?娲???绌惰法瓒??惧勾

????瀵归?娲?????绌讹?濮?浜?涓?涓?绾???????杩?骞夸??稿?璁猴??卞?????︾?涓?娆¢?瑷?浜?榛?娲???瀛??ㄣ??绱ф?ョ??锛?寰峰?藉ぉ??瀛﹀??″?路?茬?﹁タ(Karl??Schwarzschild)??杩?璁$?锛?璇?瀹?浜?濡???灏?澶ч???╄川??涓??涓?涓??癸??跺?ㄥ?村氨浼?浜х??濂?寮????拌薄??涔???锛?杩?绉?涓?????璁???澶╀?锛?琚??藉??涓衡??榛?娲?????

????榛?娲????浣?璇?????锛?榛?娲???澶?澶р?︹?﹀?ㄥゥ??捣榛???????绛?涓?绯诲??绉?瀛﹀?????绌朵?锛?瀵逛?榛?娲???璁よ??ㄦ???????骞存??浜??胯冻??杩?姝ャ???村??970骞达?缇??戒汉???????????卞?封?????帮?澶╅?搴?-1澶╀?涓?涓?涓??澶??抽??30澶?????宸ㄥぇ???叉????锛?姝h?涓?涓???涓?瑙????╀??靛?????杩?琚????璁や???汉绫诲???扮??绗??涓??娲???

????涔???瓒??ヨ?澶???榛?娲?琚????般??2017骞?2??锛?缇??藉?¤???虹?瀛︾??绌舵??绉?瀛﹀????颁????蹭互?ユ???ヨ???瓒?澶ц川??榛?娲?锛?瀹???璐ㄩ????お?崇??8浜垮??????骞达?璇鸿?灏??╃??瀛﹀?琚???浜?缁?3浣?缇??界?瀛﹀?锛?浠ヨ〃褰颁?浠??瑙?娴?寮???娉㈢???冲??ц础?????ㄤ?浠???????涓?锛?2016骞存???骞叉?寮???娉㈠ぉ????Laser??Interferometer??Gravitational-Wave??Observatory锛?LIGO)??浣?缁?瀹e?锛?浠?浠??2015骞???14?ユ?㈡??颁?寮???娉??瀹??ヨ???涓や釜榛?娲???纰版??????杩?椤瑰伐浣?锛?涔???姝h?瀹?浜?榛?娲???瀛??ㄣ??

????濡?浠?锛?瀵归?娲?????绌跺凡寤剁画?惧勾??杩?涓?娆★???浠??浜??借??伴?娲?????搴?灞辩???㈢??????